Chapter 3: Afforestation, Reforestation, and Deforestation (ARD) Activities
3.2. Definitional Scenarios and Their General Implications
3.2.1. Definitional Scenarios
3.3. Processes, Time Scales, and Carbon Accounting Rules
3.3.1. Processes and Time Scales for ARD Activities
3.3.2. Carbon Accounting of ARD Activities
126.96.36.199. Do We Need to Distinguish between Direct Human-Induced
and Natural Factors that Impact Stock Changes on ARD Lands?
188.8.131.52. Discrepancies between Actual and Reported Stock
184.108.40.206. Options for Reducing Discrepancies between Actual
and Reported Carbon Stock Changes
220.127.116.11. Necessary Steps for Determining ARD Lands and
18.104.22.168. Carbon Pools that Could be Considered and How
They are Impacted by ARD Activities
22.214.171.124. What Are the Consequences of Simplified Reporting?
126.96.36.199. How Can Carbon Accounting of ARD Land during
Future Commitment Periods Be Carried Out?
188.8.131.52. Article 3.7: Adjusting the 1990 Baseline
184.108.40.206. Are Non-CO2 Greenhouse
Gas Emissions to Be Counted?
220.127.116.11 Relation of ARD Activities to Activities under
Article 3.4 and Projects under Article 6
3.4. Data Needs and Methods for Implementing Article 3.3
3.4.1. Identification of ARD Activities
3.4.2. Monitoring Land-Cover Change
3.4.3. Changes in Carbon Stock (per Unit of Area)
3.4.4. Uncertainty of Afforestation, Reforestation, and
3.4.5. Data for Verification
3.5. ARD Examples on Stand, Landscape, Country, Regional,
and Global Levels
3.5.1. Stand Level
3.5.2. Scaling Up from Stand to Landscape
18.104.22.168. Scenarios that Consider Forest Change Only
22.214.171.124. Scenarios in Which the Harvest/Regeneration
Cycle Creates ARD Land
126.96.36.199. Scenarios in Which Forest Degradation or Aggradation
Create ARD Land
188.8.131.52. Land- and Activity-Based Carbon Accounting
184.108.40.206. Landscape-Level Results
3.5.3. Country- and Regional-Level Studies
3.5.4. Global Assessment
220.127.116.11. How Much Carbon is Global Deforestation
Likely to Release and How is It Distributed Spatially?
18.104.22.168. How Much Carbon Can Be Sequestered by Global
Afforestation and Reforestation?
22.214.171.124. What Net Changes in Carbon Stocks from ARD Can
Be Expected in the Future?
3.6. Associated Impacts of ARD Activities
3.6.1. Afforestation and Reforestation
3.6.2. Avoiding Deforestation
BERNHARD SCHLAMADINGER (AUSTRIA) AND TIMO KARJALAINEN (FINLAND)
R. Birdsey (USA), M. Cannell (UK), W. Galinski (Poland), A.
Gintings (Indonesia), S. Hamburg (USA), B. Jallow (The Gambia), M. Kirschbaum
(Australia), T. Krug (Brazil), W. Kurz (Canada), S. Prisley (USA), D. Schulze
(Germany), K.D. Singh (India), T.P. Singh (India), A.M. Solomon (USA), L. Villers
(Mexico), Y. Yamagata (Japan)
S. Beukema (Canada), G. Lund (USA), B. Murray (USA)
E. Calvo (Peru) and J.D.G. Miguez (Brazil)