Chapter 3: Afforestation, Reforestation, and Deforestation (ARD) Activities
3.2. Definitional Scenarios and Their General Implications
3.2.1. Definitional Scenarios
3.3. Processes, Time Scales, and Carbon Accounting Rules
3.3.1. Processes and Time Scales for ARD Activities
3.3.2. Carbon Accounting of ARD Activities
18.104.22.168. Do We Need to Distinguish between Direct Human-Induced
and Natural Factors that Impact Stock Changes on ARD Lands?
22.214.171.124. Discrepancies between Actual and Reported Stock
126.96.36.199. Options for Reducing Discrepancies between Actual
and Reported Carbon Stock Changes
188.8.131.52. Necessary Steps for Determining ARD Lands and
184.108.40.206. Carbon Pools that Could be Considered and How
They are Impacted by ARD Activities
220.127.116.11. What Are the Consequences of Simplified Reporting?
18.104.22.168. How Can Carbon Accounting of ARD Land during
Future Commitment Periods Be Carried Out?
22.214.171.124. Article 3.7: Adjusting the 1990 Baseline
126.96.36.199. Are Non-CO2 Greenhouse
Gas Emissions to Be Counted?
188.8.131.52 Relation of ARD Activities to Activities under
Article 3.4 and Projects under Article 6
3.4. Data Needs and Methods for Implementing Article 3.3
3.4.1. Identification of ARD Activities
3.4.2. Monitoring Land-Cover Change
3.4.3. Changes in Carbon Stock (per Unit of Area)
3.4.4. Uncertainty of Afforestation, Reforestation, and
3.4.5. Data for Verification
3.5. ARD Examples on Stand, Landscape, Country, Regional,
and Global Levels
3.5.1. Stand Level
3.5.2. Scaling Up from Stand to Landscape
184.108.40.206. Scenarios that Consider Forest Change Only
220.127.116.11. Scenarios in Which the Harvest/Regeneration
Cycle Creates ARD Land
18.104.22.168. Scenarios in Which Forest Degradation or Aggradation
Create ARD Land
22.214.171.124. Land- and Activity-Based Carbon Accounting
126.96.36.199. Landscape-Level Results
3.5.3. Country- and Regional-Level Studies
3.5.4. Global Assessment
188.8.131.52. How Much Carbon is Global Deforestation
Likely to Release and How is It Distributed Spatially?
184.108.40.206. How Much Carbon Can Be Sequestered by Global
Afforestation and Reforestation?
220.127.116.11. What Net Changes in Carbon Stocks from ARD Can
Be Expected in the Future?
3.6. Associated Impacts of ARD Activities
3.6.1. Afforestation and Reforestation
3.6.2. Avoiding Deforestation
BERNHARD SCHLAMADINGER (AUSTRIA) AND TIMO KARJALAINEN (FINLAND)
R. Birdsey (USA), M. Cannell (UK), W. Galinski (Poland), A.
Gintings (Indonesia), S. Hamburg (USA), B. Jallow (The Gambia), M. Kirschbaum
(Australia), T. Krug (Brazil), W. Kurz (Canada), S. Prisley (USA), D. Schulze
(Germany), K.D. Singh (India), T.P. Singh (India), A.M. Solomon (USA), L. Villers
(Mexico), Y. Yamagata (Japan)
S. Beukema (Canada), G. Lund (USA), B. Murray (USA)
E. Calvo (Peru) and J.D.G. Miguez (Brazil)